top of page

Midjourney V6 Prompting Made Simple- Introducing the “4W1H” Method 🎨

As some of you may be aware, the latest Midjourey V6 has an improved method for understanding prompts, eliminating the need for random phrases and words. This will require a new approach to creating prompts.


I know it can be overwhelming to start or improve your art with so much information out there. That’s why I’m here to show you a simple technique to kickstart your Midjourney creation — The 4W1H Technique. ✨


It’s super beginner-friendly and will help you improve your Midjourney art over time.



Futuristic girl in tech attire


The 4W1H Technique

By breaking down the elements of your artwork into What, Who, When, Where, and How, you will assist Midjourney in gaining a deeper understanding of your creative thoughts.

Let’s explore how you can use this technique to bring your artistic visions to life!


  • Part One: Breakdown of 4W1H

  • Part Two: Use Case

  • Part Three: Commercial Usage


Violin with flowers surrounding surreal fantasy art


Part One: Breakdown of 4W1H


The 4W1H refer to:


  • What — Type/Art Style/Category of image

  • Who — Main Subject/Theme

  • Where — Scene/Settings

  • When — Time/Lighting

  • How — Style & Rendering & Details

Below is a breakdown of the 4W1H technique


🎨 What — Type of Image

Specify the overall type of image first to ensure consistent style. This can include providing a specific aesthetic or artistic direction, such as:


  • Art Style: Baroque, Impressionist, Renaissance, Abstract, Surrealism

  • Art Medium — Charcoal, Pencil, Pastel, Watercolor, Oil painting, etc

  • Material texture — Metal, Fabric, Wood, Marble, Glass, etc

  • Photography type — Candid, Black and White, Landscape, Portrait, Full Body, Wide angle etc

What can also be a category like:

  • Category: Photographic Image, UI Design, Interior Design, Logo Design


✨ Who — Main Subject/Theme

The main subject is what the image is focused on. It can be a person, animal, character, object, etc.

You can also add secondary subjects.


Examples:

  • Main — A beautiful girl

  • Secondary — With brown hair, in Christmas dress, luxurious attire

Subjects can also be landscapes, objects etc.


🌎 Where — Scene/Settings

Describe the setting or background. Generic terms like “epic scene” also work if you can’t decide.

Environment can also be indoors, outdoors, ocean landscape, outer space, in New York


🕰 When — Time/Lighting

Specify a time of day, season, year, historical period, etc.

  • Time: 1980s, Jurassic period, springtime, Christmas, etc

  • Lighting: Blue hours, Morning, golden hours, sunset, nighttime, natural light, studio light

🎨 How — Style/Rendering/ Extra Details

This covers the stylistic qualities of the image. Key elements:


  • Art Style — Artists, studios, art movements, etc

  • 3D Style — 3D, VFX, game engines, etc

  • Color: vibrant, muted, bright, monochromatic, colorful, black and white, pastel, etc.

  • Lighting: soft, ambient, overcast, cinematic, studio lights, etc

  • Mood: happy, calm, energetic, etc.

  • Rendering Style — Ray tracing, ambient occlusion, etc

Focus on the terms most relevant to your image type. For beginners, start simple without too many advanced terms.


Abstract galaxy pattern



Part Two: Putting It All Together

Now, let’s apply the 4W1H framework and explore how we can utilize it in prompt writing


Example One: A Portrait

Prompt: A portrait of a beautiful lady with brown long hair and a white dress, standing in front of the sea, blue hour, soft color

Breaking this down:

  1. What — A portrait

  2. Who — A beautiful lady with brown long hair and a white dress

  3. Where — Standing in front of the sea

  4. When — Blue hour

  5. How — Soft color

A portrait of a beautiful lady with brown long hair and a white dress, standing in front of the sea, blue hour, soft color

Example Two: Wildlife Photography

Prompt: Wildlife photography, a furry cute bunny in winter woods, sunset, cinematic lighting

Breaking this down:

  1. What — Wildlife photography

  2. Who — A cute furry bunny

  3. Where — In Winter Woods

  4. When — Sunset

  5. How — Cinematic Lighting


Wildlife photography, a furry cute bunny in winter woods, sunset, cinematic lighting


2W1H- Painting

It is not necessary to use every “W”s. Alternatively, you can also omit “When” and “Where” like this example below

Prompt: Romanticism art style painting, birds and flowers, pastel color

Breaking this down:

  1. What — Romanticism art style painting

  2. Who — Birds and flowers

  3. How — Pastel color


Romanticism art style painting, birds and flowers, pastel color


Part Three: Commercial Usage- Category

Let’s look at how we can use the 4W1H technique for commercial

UI Design

Prompt: UI design of botanical plants shop, landing page, minimal, classy, beige and navy green --ar 4:3
UI design of botanical plants shop


Package Design

Prompt: Package design of botanical plants shop, minimal, classy, beige and navy green --ar 4:3
Package design of botanical plants shop


Logo Design

Prompt: Logo design of botanical plants shop, minimal, classy, beige and navy green --ar 4:3
Logo design of botanical plants shop, minimal, classy, beige and navy green


Breaking this down:

  1. What — UI Design/ Package Design/ Logo Design

  2. Who — Botanical plants shop

  3. How- Minimal, classy, beige and navy green

As you can see, basically, you just need to replace the first word in every prompt with the category


[ Industry / Category ] design of [ subject/ product ], [ How — description, style ]


Interior Design — Pantone 2024

Let’s adopt this formula and create one more with 2024 Pantone Color- Peach Fuzz

Prompt: Interior design of coffee shop, minimal, soft peach pantone color--ar 4:3
Interior design of coffee shop, minimal, soft peach pantone color-


Final Thoughts

The 4W1H technique is a method I developed specifically for Midjourney V6. It is suitable for beginners to get started and can help you master Midjourney over time.


By mastering this trick, you can easily tweak the components of prompts. Changing the main subject, material, style or era is simple once you know the framework.

The key is to start simple and gain experience through practice. As you create more images, your prompting skills will improve until you develop your intuitive style.



galaxy pattern

👉🏻 Passive Income with AI art: Master Midjourney 🎨


Don’t Get Left Behind in the AI Art Gold Rush of 2024! Midjourney is exploding. Early adopters are raking in big bucks selling AI art online.


This is your ticket to passive income with AI art.💰- “Master Midjourney 2024: Beginner to Pro” digital guide.



Master Midjourney

It comes with:

  • 🎨 1,000+ money-making prompts for stunning, sellable art

  • 💡 Advanced Midjourney prompt writing, structure and techniques

  • 🖼 Specialized commercial guidance for graphic design, branding, logo, UI, photography, mockup and more

  • 🚀 Insider tips to maximize profits

  • 💰 AI Arts Monetisation Strategies

  • 💼 Top AI tools to edit Midjourney creations


📚 Continuous education

This guide is designed for continuous education, new tutorials are added regularly so you stay ahead. With lifetime access for a single purchase, it’s the gift that keeps giving.

I’ve poured my heart into creating this guide. I hope you enjoy it ❤️

Comentarios


bottom of page